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Which country is the number one consumer of wine?

France is currently the top wine consuming country in the world, followed by the United States, which overtook Italy in 2007 for the number two position. The U.S. reached a record 703 million gallons consumed in 2006 – an increase of over 200 million gallons since 1994. It’s estimated that by the end of this year (2010), the U.S. will overtake France as the world’s biggest wine consumer.

Aroma vs. there a difference?

An important distinction to remember when wine tasting is the difference between the aroma and bouquet of a wine. An aroma is the smell directly from the grapes (usually fruity or floral), and the bouquet is the total smell of the wine created by the winemaking process (buttery or oakey, for example). As wine ages, chemical reactions among the acids, sugars and alcohols create new smells that contribute to the bouquet.

If an individual vineyard is noted on a wine label, what percent of grapes must be from the named vineyard?

95% of the grapes must be from the named vineyard if it is listed on the wine label. The vineyard must also be located within an approved American Viticultural Area (AVA), a specific grape-growing area within a state or a region recognized by and registered with the federal government.

Originally published in our Gold Wine Club's The Wine Press, Windstream Cellars 2010 edition.